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Naga ed-Dêr in the First Intermediate Period

By Edward Brovarski


Beginning in 1901, George A. Reisner conducted a number of excavating campaigns in the neighborhood of the modern village of Naga ed-Deir in Upper Egypt, opposite the ancient city of Thinis, at first for the Hearst Expedition of the University of California (up to 1905) and thereafter for the Harvard University-Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition. Naga-ed-Dêr is important because of a series of ancient cemeteries extending in time from the Predynastic period to the Middle Kingdom. These cemeteries run for about six kilometers from Sheikh Farag on the north to Mesheikh on the south and form parts of a single large cemetery of the Thinite nome UE 8. In the course of the excavations at Naga-ed-Dêr, Reisner discovered in addition extensive remains of the First Intermediate period—decorated tombs, steles, and inscribed coffins—belonging to the period extending from the end of the Sixth to the Eleventh Dynasties. The Predynastic, Early Dynastic, and Old Kingdom material from Naga-ed-Dêr has been studied and published by Reisner and Arthur C. Mace and by Albert M. Lythgoe and Dows Dunham. Dows Dunham published seventy-five steles from Reisner's excavations in 1937.

This volume endeavors to date the material found by Reisner, including the inscribed stones published by Dunham, with a view to elucidating the history of the site in the period between the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Furthermore, a number of steles seen on the art market or in museums or private collections which, by their style, belong clearly to Naga-ed-Dêr, have been added as supplementary material.

Naga ed-Dêr in the First Intermediate Period

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    690 pages

    8.5 x 11 inches

    ISBN 978-1-937040-66-6 (hardcover)

    September 2018

  • Table of Contents


    List of Tables

    List of Figures

    List of Plates

    List of Color Plates



    1. Introduction

    2. Historical Background

    3. The Topography of the Thinite Nome

    4. The Gods of the Thinite Nome

    5. The Temple at Thinis

    6. The High Officials of the Old Kingdom

    7. Inscriptions of Dynasties 56

    8. Indications for Dating

    9. Dynasties 68

    10. The Nomarchs and Overseers of Priests of Dynasty 9 and Later

    11. Dynasty 9

    12. Early Dynasties 10 and 11

    13. Late Dynasties 10 and 11

    14. Select Coffins from Naga Ed-Der

    15. Summary and Conclusions



    A. Aswan

    B. Gebelein in the First Intermediate Period and Dynasty 11

    C. The Tomb at Hagarsa

    D. The Date of Ankhtify at Moalla

    E. Eleventh Dynasty Steles in the Theban Style





    1. Inscribed Coffins

    2. Royal Names

    3. Divinities

    4. Personal Names

    5. Names Elsewhere

    6. Place Names

    7. Titles

    8. Signs

    9. General Index

    10. Words, Phrases, Grammatical Elements

    11. Museum Numbers

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